Rome is the city with the greatest amount of historical assets from all over the world. To set foot in the Italian capital is to travel to the past, to enjoy the culture at the foot of the street and to transport yourself to a very interesting time.
Every corner of this city reminds us that we are facing one of the most historically important cities in the world. Rome was once the capital of the world, the nerve center of an empire that spanned three continents. It is also the city where artists of great historical prestige have passed. It is the city of squares, bridges, buildings and monuments that have left many travelers with their mouths open over the years.
Rome is culture, art and history. If you travel to the Italian capital there are a number of things you can not miss. You should visit the Colosseum, the Vatican, the Basilica of San Pietro, the Sistine Chapel, the Trevi Fountain, the Piazza Nova or the Spanish Steps. Now, there is a monument that from an architectural point of view you can not miss the day you visit this Italian city. It is the Pantheon of Agrippa, a temple dedicated to all the gods.
It was built between 118 and 125 AD, during the glory period of the High Roman Empire, and it was the Emperor Hadrian who ordered its construction. The importance of this monument comes not only because it is one of the most beautiful buildings in the world and one of the best preserved of all Rome, but above all because it is a real engineering work – especially if we travel in time and are aware of the moment in which it was built.
What makes the Pantheon extraordinary and distinguishes it as one of the buildings best preserved until now is precisely its shape. The Pantheon has an access colonnade, an intermediate connecting body and a large circular nave. On this ship a hemispherical dome rises on a cylindrical drum that makes of ceiling. What distinguishes the Pantheon from other previous constructions that also used the domes, is that it is the first temple with this form. In addition its dimensions are extraordinary: one could half field of soccer in the floor and another half standing.
In addition to being built with perfect precision that surprises at that time the material used and the entire construction system employed is what has made this building of incredible dimensions has been preserved so well. In fact it has been able to survive 20 centuries without hardly suffering major damage. In addition to its construction, everything in the Pantheon has a symbolic meaning, starting with the enormous oculus in the center of the dome, an opening of nine meters in diameter that lets in sunlight and gives the place an almost unreal and extraordinary atmosphere . So much so that this is one of the must visits if you travel to Rome. Only by seeing you can understand the importance of this monument.